Khaniá, on Cretes northern coast, is one of the oldest towns in Crete and capital of the island. Among its notable buildings are Turkish mosques, a Venetian arsenal, and Greek churches. Khaniá was conquered in 69 BC by the Romans, and in AD 826 it fell under Arab rule. Reconquered in 961 by the Byzantines, it became a Venetian colony in 1252. Despite the enormous wall which the Venetians built around Khaniá, it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1646. In 1913, when the Turks ceded Crete to Greece, Khaniá became a Greek possession.